准东地区土壤重金属污染特征及来源分析
投稿时间:2018-05-05  修订日期:2019-08-25  点此下载全文
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阿卜杜萨拉木.阿布都加帕尔 新疆大学资源与环境科学学院 salam1993@163.com 
王宏卫 新疆大学资源与环境科学学院 wanghw_777@163.com 
杨胜天 北京师范大学地理与遥感科学学院  
基金项目:国家自然科学(U1603241、51704259)和国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAC15B01)资助。
中文摘要:以准东地区不同区域为研究对象,共采集168个表层土壤样品测定了Zn、Cu、Cr、Hg、Pb和As等6种重金属含量,运用内梅罗综合污染指数和污染负荷指数法对该地区进行了总体污染评价,并利用多元统计学方法解析了其污染来源。研究表明:Cr、Pb、Hg和As等元素均值都超出了新疆土壤背景值,超标率在30%~100%之间,存在较严重的污染,主要受自然和人为因子的共同影响;Zn和Cu元素污染处在警戒水平,而As、Cr、Pb和Hg元素污染贡献较大,不同区域污染程度依次为A区>B区>C区;多元统计分析可知,Zn、Cu、Cr和As元素存在较高的相关性,Pb与其他元素均没有显著相关关系,Zn和Cu元素污染来自成土母质,Pb元素污染源可能与交通尾气排放和轮胎磨损有关,Cr和As元素受到了煤炭开采、工业生产和农业活动等人为污染的影响,应需引起重视。
中文关键词:土壤重金属  污染特征  多元统计学  来源解析
 
Pollution Characteristics and Source Analysis of Soil Heavy Metals in East Junggar Region
Abstract:This study take different regions of Zhundong area as the research site, and collect the 168 soil samples for measuring the content of heavy metals including Zn、Cu、Cr、Hg、As and Pb. For evaluating soil pollution characteristics, the Nemerow pollution index (PN) and pollution load index (PLI) was calculated , and based on the multivariable statistics pollution sources of the heavy metals were analyzed. The research results indicated that the average contents of Cr, Pb, Hg and As exceeded the background value, exceeding standard rate about 30%~100%, and had the heavy pollution trend, predominantly got the influences of anthropogenic and natural pollution sources. The places where affected by Zn and Cu were under the alert level. Cr and Hg contributes more for pollution. Regions contamination degree in the order of region A>region B>region C; the multivariable statistical analysis showed that there were significant correlation between Zn、Cu、Cr and As. Pb had low correlation with the other elements, Zn and Cu may originate from parent materials, Pb may derive from emission gases and tier wear. As and Cr may affected by anthropogenic activities such as coal mining activities, industrial production and agricultural activity.
keywords:soil heavy metal  pollution characteristic  Multivariate statistics  source analysis
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